Preoperative Fasting in Children

Pre-operative fasting, which is defined as the restriction of food and fluid intake for few hours before general anaesthesia or sedation, is one of the cornerstones of perioperative patient safety. Induction of anaesthesia or sedation results in a depression of the gag, cough and swallow reflexes that normally protect the airway, placing patients at risk of pulmonary aspiration, pneumonia and even death should regurgitation or vomiting of gastric contents occur. The aspiration of breast milk or infant formula in particular may result in severe damage to the lungs. Preoperative Fasting in Children